World Day of Soils
Team from Aberon OOD and the Association of Agri-Environmental Farmers participated in World Day of Soils. The event took place on December 5, 2019 at the Earth and Man National Museum, 4 Cherni Vrah Str., Sofia and was organized by the Agricultural Academy, the Earth and Man National Museum, the Institute of Soil Science, Agrotechnology and Plant Protection, Nikola Pushkarov and the Bulgarian Soil Science Society. The theme of the Day was: "TO STOP SOIL EROSION, TO SAVE OUR FUTURE", which was also accompanied by an exhibition between December 5th – 14th. The BalkanROAD team disseminated project information leaflets to the event participants.
International, national and regional organizations, governmental, non-governmental and private organizations, participated in the celebration of the day of the soils. The initiative aims the conservation and sustainable use of soil resources at all levels (scientific, technical, investment and advisory).
The World Day of Soil is celebrated in over 150 countries around the world. Each country recognizes the importance of soil in the fight against world hunger and malnutrition. According to experts, nearly 1/3 of the soils worldwide have degraded as a result of erosion, pollution, depletion of organic and nutrients, oxidation and other harmful processes caused by unsustainable land management practices. 1/4 of the world's biodiversity lives underground. These organisms, along with the plants roots, drive the cycle of nutrients, support the above-ground biodiversity, increase the soil's ability to absorb carbon and thus preserve soil fertility and prevent it from becoming sand and clay. Soils store and filter water, thus improving drought and flood resistance.
In Bulgaria, soil is lost mainly due to erosion. According to experts, nearly 46% of the agricultural land is at risk of water erosion and 24% at risk of wind erosion. Sustainable agricultural practices, pollution, climate change, deforestation and urbanization are also problems in Bulgaria.